Monday, May 25, 2020
PERSONAL STATEMENT OF FAITH As a man purchased by God through his Son, I believe it is necessary to clearly state, in a concise manner, the Ã¢â¬Å"closed-handedÃ¢â¬ truths I believe as guided by Scripture. My Statement of Faith summarizes essential Christian beliefs, shows unity in Christ, and guards me from potential error. I affirm these gospel truths, with the understanding that my confidence in these truths grows progressively over time. These beliefs are great cause for joy. Far more than just words on a page, they are precious gifts from God. I. The Scriptures. I believe that the 66 books of the Bible are GodÃ¢â¬â¢s word revealed to us, written by GodÃ¢â¬â¢s apostles and prophets. In its original manuscripts it contains truth without error as it unfolds the story of God Ã¢â¬â his creation, our fall, his redemption and restoration; therefore it is, and will remain to the end of the world, the true center of Christian union. The Scriptures are the supreme standard by which all human conduct, creeds, and opinions should be tried. II. The Triune God. We believe that there is one, and only one, living and true God. He is an infinite, intelligent Spirit, the Maker and Supreme Ruler of heaven and earth, glorious in holiness, and worthy of all possible worship, trust, and love. In the unity of the Godhead there are three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, equal in every divine perfection, and executing distinct but complimentary offices in the great work of redemption. a.Show MoreRelatedStatement Of Faith, And One Baptism888 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStatement of Faith I believe in one Lord, one faith, and one baptism (Ephesians 4:5-6), and that I belong to Him in every aspect of my life. I believe that in Grace, He died on the cross and rose from the grave, and this constitutes the resurrection of Jesus Christ (I Corinthians 15:4). I believe Jesus was the ultimate sacrifice, the perfect (without blemish) sacrifice for our sins (Colossians 1:22; I Peter 1:19). I came to know of Jesus at a young age, but developed a close personal relationshipRead MoreTilich, Marx and Feuerbach637 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesFeuerbach Tillich argues that, Ã¢â¬Å"Faith precedes all attempts to derive it from something else, because these attempts are themselves based on faithÃ¢â¬ (9). There is a feeling of confirmation by the will of what ultimately concerns a person, but faith itself is definitely not the creation of the will. Therefore, faith is not an independent act of having a Ã¢â¬Å"will to believe.Ã¢â¬ This argument derives from TillichÃ¢â¬â¢s belief that faith is the state of being ultimately concerned. Faith requires both rational and non-rationalRead MoreDefinition Of Meaning Of The Creed1302 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbelieve. However creed and confessions of belief are not to be confused. While a statement of faith such as I believe only pertains to the person a creed specifically unites all persons. In a general sense of creed defines the way in which a person or group live out their life including all of their actions and morals. In this way a creed allows for a sense of personal identity to be ex pressed, ergo a way of personal and social morals to be constructed. However morals never necessarily have a rightRead MoreThe Reason For God : Christian Values And Biblical Faith Essay1479 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Reason for God PaviElle McLaughlin Christian Values And Biblical Faith (BIB 4153 01) Professor Paul Copan September 19, 2016 Ã¢â¬Æ' Part I According to E.F. Peters, Ã¢â¬Å"The three great faiths called Judaism, Christianity, and Islam were born of an event that each remembers as a moment in history, when the One True God appeared to an Iron Age sheikh named Abram and bound him in a covenant forever (Peters, 2004).Ã¢â¬ Unfortunately, a paradox exists between the three monotheists Ã¢â¬â Jesus. Islam and JudaismRead MoreChristians Should Not Press their Beliefs upon their Society838 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagestheir mouths. That these Ã¢â¬ËgeniusesÃ¢â¬â¢ would put down their own personal views and beliefs long enough to see the clear and logical answer. Instead, they are clouded by their ingrained thought and thus cannot give an unbiased opinion. Julius R. Oppenheimer is a perfect example. This exemplary theoretical physicist and scholar was man was quoted by theologian and philosopher Francis Schaeffer as saying: Ã¢â¬Å"Christianity is just a personÃ¢â¬â¢s personal belief, while modern science is a fact. Christi ans shouldRead MoreDiscuss Spirituality And How It Can Influence Individuals Faith And Affect Their Way Of Prosper1235 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages How Spiritual Am I? Stephanie Hernandez Azusa Pacific University Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract The purpose of this paper is to discuss spirituality and how it can influence individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ faith and affect their way of prosper in their chosen religion. Spirituality applies a connection with faith; both create confidence and trust in searching for a meaning for life or a superior being, depending on the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s chosen religion. The research completed for this paper was determined from the results ofRead MoreFowler, Sweeney, Kohlberg853 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Sweeney, and Kohlberg are three examples of faith movements. These movements describe the steps of development in our faith and moral code. When Jesus said, Ã¢â¬Å"the Kingdom of God is within youÃ¢â¬ he was making us aware of the relationship we have with God, ourselves, and other. Fowler broke down the development of faith into six stages. Stage one is intuitive-projective faith. This stage is for pre-school children where their basic feelings about God, Jesus, and the Church are learned from theirRead MoreSummary : The Lord Will Always Make A Way 1392 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesjourney. My mother would always states the Lord will always make a wayÃ¢â¬ she would always refer to this statement whenever herself or others was experiencing long suffering. This demonstrating of faith and trust in Jesus Christ was imbedded within me. Whenever, I was experiencing any turmoil or chaos, I created due to my substance abuse; this period of my life; I found myself making the same statement, despite my addictive attitudes and behaviors. My grandmother was the oldest of twelve childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s ofRead MoreWhat Does The Meaning Of Life?984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesare in and what they feel the need to accomplish in their lifetime. Some create their own personal meaning, others are given their meaning with no insight and lastly, others choose to avoid the real world and create a fantasy life. Although the definition is different from person to person, what is significant in the meaning of life is not only to exist in the world but to achieve our desired goals, have faith on our decisions, and learn about something new. Imagine rocking yourself back and forthRead MoreReligion-Week 1764 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagescoexist. Name at least two (2) key points from the podcast that substantiate your position. I do believe that religion and science can coexist. In the interview the commentator explains that one of professor Francisco Ayalas (Faith Matters. 2010, April 02) statements was that science and religion need not be in contradiction if they are properly understood..... religion explains why and science explains how..... but they are one in the same ( Lab activity: Chapter 1). They really complement
Thursday, May 14, 2020
The Causes of the Persian Gulf Warnbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Ã¢â¬Å"Two dozen U.S. and British aircrafts bombed five radar and other anti-aircraft sites around Baghdad with guided missiles yesterday in the first major military action of the Bush administration. It was the largest airstrike against Iraq in two years and hit sites near the Iraqi capital, a significant departure from the low-key enforcement of no-fly zones in the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s south and north. The U.S.-led alliance declared the zones off-limits to Iraqi aircrafts after the Persian Gulf War. President Bush, speaking at a new conference in Mexico alongside the Mexican President, Vicente Fox, called the raid Ã¢â¬Ëroutine.Ã¢â¬â¢ But it was widely interperted inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Although a few concessions were granted prior to World War I (1914-1918), little surveying or exploration was actually done. In 1912, several rival groups banded together to establish the Turkish Petroleum Company (TPC), which would also seek a concession to explore for Iraqi oil and would attempt to eliminate rivalry among the partners (Phyllis and Moushabeck 49). nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Establishment of the TPC did not, however, eliminate the rivalry among the shareholders representing various national interests, such as those of Great Britain. After World War I, Iraq became a British mandate in 1920 yet that did not guarantee the TPC an exclusive concession. After lengthy negotiations, a concession was finally granted in 1925. In fact, numerous amounts of oil were discovered and because of the continuous negotiations with the Iraqi government, the TPC was renamed the Iraqi Petroleum Company (IPC) in 1929. This resulted in complete IPC control over the oil in Iraq (Phyllis and Moushabeck 47-49). nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;After the Iraqi revolution in 1958 and after the country was declared a Republic in 1961, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was formed in response to a reduction in revenues due to a surplus amount of oil in Iraq. OPECÃ¢â¬â¢s main objective was to limit the impact of Iraq on IPC. In response, Iraq formed the state-owned Iraq Nation OilShow MoreRelated Causes and Effects of the Persian Gulf War Essay717 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCauses and Effects of the Persian Gulf War The Persian Gulf War, often referred to as Operation Desert Storm, was perhaps one of the most successful war campaigns in the history of warfare. Saddam Hussein, leader of Iraq, invaded Kuwait in 1990. In 1991, after weeks of air strikes, US ground forces entered Iraq and Kuwait and eliminated Iraqi presence in 60 hours. Why Would Iraq invade Kuwait? Kuwait supplies much of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s oil supplies, and when Hussein invaded Kuwait, he controlledRead MoreAnalytical Failure Of Iraq During Persian Gulf War1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIraq in Persian Gulf War Affiliation StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Name Ã¢â¬Æ' Introduction Failures analysis is the process of gathering data and information in order to find the cause of failure especially when the goal had been set. Analytical failure of war, on the other hand, is failures by decision making bodies to make appropriate decision which will lead to victory. This failures occurs when military and political leaders come up with war strategies which when implemented leads to failures or losses. War analyticalRead MoreComparing Military Operations In Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War, and Korean War1224 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdepended upon the overall political and military objectives of each individual conflict. The United States first three hot wars after the end of World War II display the marked difference in US objectives and the operations used to achieve them better than any other modern wars in which American troops participated. By and large the Korean War, Vietnam War, and Persian Gulf War had virtually no similarities, particularly in the ways in which each was fought. These differences lay largely in the technologyRead MoreThe Iran Iraq War1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich made it the longest conventional war of the 20th century. The consequence of the war cost billions of dollars and millions of lives. The result of the war, although stalemate would be a critical factor that would shape the future of the Middle East. The historical deep-rooted hostile relationship that emanated from the ethnic Arab-Persian and religious Sunni- ShiÃ¢â¬â¢ite tensions between the two neighbouring countries contributed to the conditions necessary for war. Although many historians and scholarsRead MoreThe Iraqi Intrusion Of Kuwait On Second Of August 19901607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescapacity to keep up steadiness in the wake of the cold war. Saddam Hussein s aggression created alternate oil emergencies, driving up costs. It t ested the late recovery in status of the united countries. What s more it brought up issues about the preparation of the US and USSR to coordinate with each other, in circumstances which had connections to Iraq, however Washington was resolved to free Kuwait ( Young Kent 2004). The war demonstrated of focal significance to the Bush organizationRead MoreIran-Iraq War Essay1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIran-Iraq War The eight year Iran-Iraq War was, by the standards of international conflicts, a very long one. It lasted longer than both World War I and World War II. In this conflict, the two most powerful states in the Persian Gulf, Iran and Iraq, who were the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest producers of petroleum, were locked in mortal combat and appeared intent on destroying each other. The war began when Iraq invaded Iran, simultaneously launching an invasion by air and land into Iranian territory on SeptemberRead MoreIII. Dependence of the Gulf states on external security guarantees The previous part of the1200 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIII. Dependence of the Gulf states on external security guarantees The previous part of the essay mostly focused on internal political dimensions of instability and conflict in the Arab part of the Gulf. Other factors of instability in the Gulf belong to the systemic level of the Gulf subregion. One of these factors is the existing regional security architecture, which fosters dependence on the U.S. to provide means of defence and deterrence. Part of the issue is that U.S. security guaranteesRead MoreThe Battle Of Khorramshahr And The War1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat kicked off the Iran-Iraq war, was a predominately wealthy, upper class city with a population of over 200,000 people. The once cosmopolitan city, Khorramshahr, became known as Khuninshahr, the Ã¢â¬ËCity of BloodÃ¢â¬â¢, because of the violent conditions and number of casualties suffered in the city. Most of the Iraq-Iran war took place just inside the borders of both countries and in the Persian Gulf. A truce was called on July 20, 1988 after nearly eight years of war. Iran accepted a United NationsRead MoreThe Gulf Cooperation Council Essay1709 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAthbi Al-Subaie Methodology Final INS 611 The Militarization of the Gulf Cooperation Council to Deter Threats How Fear Shapes the Future of the Region Introduction: The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Peninsula Shield Force expresses the principle to protect against any political turmoil or security infringement in any GCC part state. The Peninsula Shield Force depends on the standard of group and coordinated security and barrier, with each GCC part state promising to ensure and protect the commonRead MoreEssay about The Success of Operation Desert Storm and Shield825 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesmilitary in war time. Moving resources by air and sea the American armed forces presence was made known in the region with resources being staged in the allied countries of Saudi Arabia These later we mobilized initiating operation Desert Storm on January 17th 1991 at 3am Arabia Time when the first tanks rolled across the Saudi border, this conflict would continue until the official cease fire would take effect on April 11th of the same year (Operation). During the 10 month time span of the Persian Gulf
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Johnny and Dally, Unique and the Same. Ã¢â¬ËÃ¢â¬Å"So he finally broke,Ã¢â¬â¢ Two-Bit spoke everyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s feelings, Ã¢â¬ËSo even Dally has a breaking point.Ã¢â¬ (152). In the book The Outsiders, by S.E. Hinton, there are two unique characters. Johnny and Dally are two characters that are unique and also the same. The two of them are opposites. Dally is hard, Johnny is gold. Johnny sees good in the world, Dally does not. Yet the two also had similar lifestyles, both Johnny and Dally have abusive parents. The two share a similar bond, they both care about each other more than anything. Johnny was smart enough to realize the good in his world, unfortunately Dally could not. Johnny and Dally have both had hard lives. Both of their parents were abusive and uncaring.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As soon as Johnny died, Dally couldnt take it. Pony hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t gotten the letter from Johnny. So Dally exploded. Ã¢â¬Å"He begged, slamming his fist on the wall, hammering it to obey his will. Ã¢â¬ËOh , Dammit Johnny, donÃ¢â¬â¢t die,Ã¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ (149). Dally couldnt take Johnny dying, it was too much. Johnny was the only thing in his world left that he cared about. Then he was gone. They both couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t make it without the other, they cared too much. Johnny and Dally both end up dead at the end of the book, but one had no choice and put some meaning into the last days of his life. Dally, on the other hand, felt he had lost everything and resorted to suicide. When Johnny died, he left a letter in his copy of Gone With The WInd by Margaret Mitchell. The letter asked Ponyboy (the main character and narrator of the book) to stay gold and to tell Dally Ã¢â¬Å"ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s still good in the world.Ã¢â¬ (179). Johnny was trying to look out for Dally and to try to convince him this fact he never believed. Johnny, however, believe it himself. Dally gave up on the world. He saw nothing that was good, Johnny was the last good thing in the world. Then Johnny died, Dally couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t take his life having nothing. Dally robbed a grocery store to get the cops attention, he called the Curtis brothers who had the gang there. They met in the lot, Dally stopped in the middle of it as the cops pulled into the lot. Dally pulled an empty gun out and pointed it at an officer. The officers shot and killed him. Ã¢â¬Å"He was dead before he hitShow MoreRelatedComparing Johnny And Dally And The Outsiders1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthat only alike things are attracted to one another. However, this is untrue - for example, north poles attract south poles. They are similar, but yet, very different. In the novel The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton, Johnny and Dally are attracted by their countless similarities and differences. A similarity Johnny and Dally both share is a terrible home life. Early in the novel, Ponyboy dissects JohnnyÃ¢â¬â¢s homelife. Pony says, Ã¢â¬Å"His father was always beating him up, and his mother ignored him, except whenRead MoreComparing Johnny and Dally in The Outsiders by SE Hinton Essay767 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesComparing Johnny and Dally in The Outsiders by SE Hinton Johnny and Dally are both major characters in the novel Ã¢â¬Å"The OutsidersÃ¢â¬ by SE Hinton. Ã¢â¬Å"The OutsidersÃ¢â¬ is a novel about friendship, rivalry, stereotypes, trust and family relationships set in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s of America. SE Hinton. Describes how two gangs, the Socs and the Greasers get to know each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s problems in an exciting and nail-biting storyline. Johnny and Dally are both very contrasting characters and each play a vital role in bothRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s Of Mice And Men1312 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageslives. People may bring death upon themselves because of their actions, or an animal may be killed of its uselessness. In S.E. HintonÃ¢â¬â¢s The Outsiders, there are three major deaths occurring in the novel: Bob, Johnny, and Dally. Similarly, in John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s Of Mice and Men, there are also three major deaths of CandyÃ¢â¬â¢s dog, CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, and Lennie. The Outsiders is a story depicting the life of Ponyboy Curtis, who is struggling to find his place in the world while battling the rival gang, the SocsRead MoreJohn Steinbeck s Of Mice And Men1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesone thing that all people have in common; even books are connected because of the different deaths occurring in them. In S.E. HintonÃ¢â¬â¢s The Outsiders, there are three major deaths occurring in the novel: Bob, Johnny, and Dally. Similarly, in John SteinbeckÃ¢â¬â¢s Of Mice and Men, there are also three major deaths: CandyÃ¢â¬â¢s dog, CurleyÃ¢â¬â¢s wife, and Lennie. The Outsiders is a story depicting the life of Ponyboy Curtis, who is struggling to find his place in the world while battling the rival group, the Socs
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Critical Thinking 9/1/10 Critical Paper-Gun Control Gun control is government regulation on the manufacture, sale, and possession of firearms. As a heavily debated and very controversial matter, many advocates undoubtedly have different opinions. In the forthcoming paragraphs, I will discuss those differing opinions. Presented from two separate articles, the opinions discussed will be those of two different authors who have their own viewpoint as to why gun control is or isnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessary. In Russ ThurmanÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Ã¢â¬Å"Guns up. Crime down. Anti-gun mum. Ã¢â¬ he discusses how anti-gun advocates have had nothing to say about facts revealing that with more people owning guns, crime rates have gotten lower. (Ã¢â¬Å"During the past six months, studies have shown that while gun ownership is at an all-time high, violent crime is at a 30 year lowÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ) The article is clearly structured and easy to read. Although wanting to prove a point to anti-gun and pro-gun control advocates, Mr. We will write a custom essay sample on Gun Control Critical Paper or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Thurman avoids the use of slang, jargon, angry words or vagueness. Nor does he appear to Ã¢â¬Å"lash outÃ¢â¬ at the other side. He simply states straight to the point facts with clear and valid evidence. He denounces anti-gun and pro-gun control advocates theme-Ã¢â¬Å"guns equal crimeÃ¢â¬ -with supportive evidence. Drawing statistics from The National Academy of Sciences, the Centers for Disease Control and the U. S. Department of Justice, Mr. Thurman proves wrong, a high belief of pro-gun control advocates, that government restrictions on firearms reduces gun violence. He found that studies done by the Centers of Disease Control show that there is no meaningful proof that gun control efforts have any affect on crime control. In addition, he goes on to prove that those restrictions also do not reduce gun crime, gun violence or gun accidents. If my research is correct, I believe Mr. ThurmanÃ¢â¬â¢s influence comes from being ex-military and having experienced a war. The same is said for his perception on the matter. His view is: not having a gun makes you defenseless. The fact that he has experienced life or death situations and has had to use a gun to protect himself, leads me to believe that these are the reasons he is so adamant about owning a gun for protection. In the article, Ã¢â¬Å"Lets lay down our right to bear arms. Ã¢â¬ author Tom Plate sees no need for guns at all. He feels that the use of the guns is the only way Americans solve conflicts. No matter that it is our right to own a gun, Mr. Plate deems it an unnecessary one. He believes that fewer guns would result in fewer deaths from people pulling the trigger. His article has a somewhat sarcastic tone when he makes references to the law and the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s decision to appreciate it. Ã¢â¬Å"Our famous Constitution, about which many of us are generally so proud, enshrines along with the right to freedom of speech, press, religion and assembly-the right to own guns. Thats an apples and oranges list if there ever was one. Ã¢â¬ ) His references to the Virginia Tech shooting and the murder of late Beatles member John Lennon seem to be his basis for the need to get rid of guns. Instead of focusing on the people behind the guns used, this type of propaganda is what Mr. Plate uses as a way to denounce pro-gun and anti-gun control advocatesÃ¢â¬â¢ mantra, Ã¢â¬Å"Guns donÃ¢â¬â¢t kill people, people kill people. Since he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide clear evidence for his reasoning, I think some of the remarks he made should have been left out. For example, at one point he makes it sound like Americans carry guns just for the heck of it. He claims that carrying one is not on, albeit a nonexistence, Mature List of Notable Cultural Accomplishments. What does this mean? Is he saying Americans are immature for choosing to carry a gun? Mr. PlateÃ¢â¬â¢s influence and perception of not owning a gun may come from his personal experience of being robbed at gunpoint. Sure he is justified in believing that this might not have happened if the robber didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a gun or access to one. But it also could have been halted had he had one of his own. He believes he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t shot because of his Ã¢â¬ËsurrenderingÃ¢â¬â¢. Again, if he owned his own gun, heÃ¢â¬â¢d have survived from Ã¢â¬Ëdefending himselfÃ¢â¬â¢. Even though he faced a near-death experience, Mr. Plate still believes, Ã¢â¬Å"we need to get rid of our guns. Ã¢â¬ ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s amazing because after such an experience, most people would feel itÃ¢â¬â¢s time to get one.
Tuesday, April 7, 2020
The Right To Die In John A. Robertson's essay, Cruzan: No Rights Violated, he argues that the decision made by the Missouri Supreme Court to deny Nancy Beth Cruzan's parents' request to have their daughter's artificial nutrition and hydration tube removed was not a violation of Nancy Beth Cruzan's right to refuse treatment because she had not personally refused treatment. Robertson also claims that keeping Cruzan alive with this particular medical treatment does not alienate her constitutional rights, or her parents'. Robertson states that, A permanently vegetative patient does not have interests that can be harmed, simply because he/she cannot feel pain and doesn't know his/her present condition. Robertson then goes on to say that simply assuming that one would decline treatment in that situation because of his/her prior beliefs is not enough evidence to maintain that the directive was, in fact, released by the said person, and to relieve their self from a state law that orders such a treatment, the person must have released a directive against that particular treatment. If one were to argue that an incompetent patient has the right to have their medical treatment decided by another person on the presumption that it follows with the patient's previous beliefs, Robertson would declare that the patient is much different than they were before and does not reserve a constitutional right to be managed in the same way they would have been. In placing the right to decide Nancy's treatment in her parents' hands, her parents would be acting in their own interests according to Robertson, and in choosing to stop medical treatment of their daughter, they would be denying their child medical care deemed necessary by the state, which is illegal. With this in mind, Robertson says that the Supreme Court should not extend a family's privacy to include the refusal of necessary treatment when the [above] treatment is not causing harm to the child. Next Robertson says that if a person wants to refuse treatment while incompetent, it is their obligation to make a directive before becoming incompetent in order to refuse treatment on the principle of that particular directive, and that requiring this is not an undue burden on persons who wish to issue directives against medical care when incompetent. If clear evidence does not exist in a past directive, Robertson says that providing the treatment does not alienate a person's right to regulate his/her own care because of the lack of evidence. Robertson says that people who criticize the rulings of the Cruzan case tend to find the Missouri Supreme Court's decision to not allow Nancy's parents to have their daughter's nutrition and hydration line removed unconstitutional because they overlook the distinctions that he makes in this essay. By looking at these distinctions, Robertson believes that people will see that treating Nancy Cruzan despite her parents' dissent does not violate anyone's constitutional rights. Lastly, Robertson states Missouri, like most other states, should permit the family to stop Nancy's treatment and end their own ordeal. But Missouri violates no constitutional rights in choosing otherwise. The part about Robertson's argument that I disagree with the most is when he says that keeping Nancy connected to the feeding tube does not violate her parents' constitutional rights. According to the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States, one has the freedom to petition the government for a redress of grievances and the Fourteenth Amendment states that, The stated cannot deprive any person of life, liberty or property, without due process of law, nor deny any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. With these in mind, it is clear that leaving Nancy connected to the tube is violating her parents' rights. Her parents are going through plenty of grievances watching their daughter lay there and waste away to nothing because she did not specifically say in writing that she did not want to be attached to a feeding and hydrating line if she ever becomes brain dead. That is inflicting pain and sorrow on her parents and is violating their pursuit o f happiness. According to the First Amendment, the Cruzan family has the right to petition the government to have those grievances removed. Robertson says
Monday, March 9, 2020
The Education System Essay Example The Education System Essay The Education System Essay Essay Topic: Education This point has caused one of the main criticisms of looking at cultural deprivation as the reason for working class underachievement. Critics have argued that working class parents seem less interested and less encouraging because of their situation and circumstances. They want to show their children what life is like realistically for the working class, that high occupational status is a dream. Another criticism of cultural deprivation has been by those who feel that material factors are more important. These critics are structuralists, and think that it is important to focus on what parents can provide materialistically that would encourage their children to do better at school, for example a quiet room for homework and appropriate books. If there is not enough money for books, the student has to get a part-time job which is likely to result in less time spent on schoolwork, thus not doing well in exams. There are other critics of cultural deprivation who feel it is important to look at factors of the school which affect the performance of different social class students. For example, there are subcultures (anti-social, anti-school) which working class students are more likely to be drawn into, and so their educational performance is obviously affected. The next explanation was a criticism of the last one material deprivation, or material factors. These theorists believe the students homes background influences and affects them the most. This is very much a structuralist view. The argument is that working class parents cannot afford the materials necessary for their children to do well. The children are likely to share bedrooms with other siblings and dont have a quiet place for study, and my have to get a part-time job if their parents are not financially secure. Working class parents are also less likely to be able to attend parents meetings because they have a clash of time with work. Working class students are less likely to continue to higher education because their parents simply cannot afford tuition fees and the extra necessities of university. All these negative aspects of material deprivation are why many sociologists argue that material factors are why working class students are relative failures in the education system. However, as with inheritance and heredity, and cultural deprivation, material factors have also been criticised. Those who do not believe in material deprivation focus more on in school factors and how these affect performance. They argue it is more important to look at how the school can provide materialistically, but overriding this, culturally. For example, they look at the dominant culture and value system of teachers. In school, teachers have authority and students of working class, in particular, feel intimidated and do not want to do well. This often results in a case of teacher versus student values debate. Where the teacher may encourage the benefits of education, the student may feel that the teachers authority and nagging is discouraging. There are many other in school factors that sociologists have put forward, which became the next explanation interpretivist arguments. The interpretivist explanation for working class underachievement focuses on in school factors. They believe there are many things that happen inside school which prevent working class students performing as well as middle class students. One of these factors is subcultures, both anti-school and anti-social. Working class students find themselves easily drawn into these subcultures, often with excuses such as the teachers picking on me so Im not going to his/her lesson. Peer pressure is also a major issue in anti-school subcultures. When one student decides that school isnt for them and does not attend, they need somebody or several fellow students to truant with. Students who may have previously conformed do not want to be left out and join the anti-school feeling. Two important in school factors of the interpretivist argument are teacher labelling and streaming. Labelling is where a teacher prejudges a working class student, labelling them as useless, thus giving middle class students more attention and support. This drives working class students away in anti-school subcultures and holds them back from educational success. Streaming is where students are split and taught in groups of their perceived ability. David Hargreaves, an interactionist, claimed streaming created an increased amount of feeling inferior as lower stream boys progress to more mature ages. This affects how they feel towards education and more than often results in poor exam performance. As older students feel inferior and join anti-school subcultures, younger students find themselves without role models and in turn feel anti-school. Both labelling and streaming involve teachers stereotyping students of all social classes, which can lead to discrimination, e. g. sexism and racism. Again, interpretivists have also found themselves being criticised for their views. The critics are structuralists who feel it is more important to look at out of school factors and the students home background, in other words material and mainly cultural factors at home. Focuses are on things such as the values of and attitudes to education at home, and religious and cultural values. Critics argue that parents of working class students have very different values and attitudes to education than middle class parents. For example, working class parents may find it important to emphasise survival as key in their childrens futures, whereas middle class parents could believe in encouraging their children to aim as high as possible and achieve all they possibly can. Religious and cultural values are also important in the structuralist view. Where features of religion may interfere with how students are taught, their parents may choose to pull them out of the education system. A current example of this is the banning of the Muslim scarf in French schools. It is a vital aspect of Islam for females to wear a scarf, so where I has been banned, huge protests have been held and many Muslim parents have taken their children somewhere Islam can be practised and the children can be educated. Critics of interpretivists also think peer pressure in the area where the student lives is important. If there is an anti-school subculture in the area, the student is extremely likely to be a part of it as it its where they spend most of their time. As time has passed, each of the explanations offered for working class underachievement have become more developed, and have also faced more criticism. The first sociologists to look into this issue believe intelligence is inherited and measurable, and middle class parents are generally more intelligent. They also believe in IQ tests and think they are an excellent way of measuring intelligence. However, there are opponents to this suggestion who believe IQ tests are unfair and cannot be used to test member of different social classes and people of subcultures within social classes and ethnic groups. There are many weaknesses and not many strengths to the argument of inheritance and heredity. Though the sociologists argue that intelligence is inherited from parents, there has not been a study to prove that this is so, i. e. no evidence has been provided to back up this idea. They do, on the other hand, not deny that there are less intelligent middle class students and more intelligent working class children. I agree with the critics who claim that IQ tests are unfair because when an IQ test is created, it will in some way be biased to a certain group (usually the middle class). There would be questions on the test that working class children would not be familiar with, thus failing to perform well and being labelled unintelligent. This is an extremely unfair way to explain why working class students are relative failures in the education system. Cultural deprivation was offered by those sociologists who felt working class children were brought up in a culture where people around them placed a lower value on education and where their parents were much less interested in their schooling than middle class parents. I agree with the critics who say that it is unfair to say working class parents are uninterested in their childrens education because it is their circumstances that put them in that position. A weakness of this argument is that although a researcher may have looked into a working class family and found that their argument was proven correct, not all working class families are this way and many do encourage academic success. As a reason for working class underachievement, cultural factors are important to look at but do not apply to all working class families. The sociologists who argue that material deprivation at home is the cause for working class underachievement have a strong argument. They claim that working class parents are unable to afford the materialistic requirements of school and that this forces their children to fall behind and perform badly. Though this is a very valid argument, it is important to look at other factors as well as materialistic factors at home. For example, material and cultural factors at school are equally important, and should all be taken into consideration. The interpretivist argument focused on in school factors and how these affected the performance of students. The sociologists looked at things such as anti-school subcultures and teacher labelling and streaming. Like the sociologists who agree with material factors, interpretivists fail to look at other factors. They see in school factors as the sole reason for working class underachievement, which is not correct. Though it is also a valid argument like material deprivation, it should not be forgotten that the home background of a student is equally important to look at as well as the state of the school. I think that inheritance and heredity do not cause working class underachievement, but that a combination of cultural and material factors both at home and at school cause working class students to be relative failures in the education system. Where each individual theory counts out the others as valid reasons, I think this is wrong and that all count equally towards working class underachievement.
Friday, February 21, 2020
As She's Walking Away - Essay Example The title of the song Ã¢â¬Å"As SheÃ¢â¬â¢s Walking AwayÃ¢â¬ reflects a song that is inspired by a woman who is walking away from a man in a particular setting that is yet to be determined, but will be determined by the songÃ¢â¬â¢s lyrics. From the title, one can gather that it was one of those circumstances where a man saw or was with an attractive woman and something happened that made her to walk away. In order to determine the meaning of the song, one needs to delve into the details of the songÃ¢â¬â¢s lyrics. The opening lyrics reveal that the man and woman in this song had never met before and that they were in a room where they could see each other face to face. However, the man seems not to have enough courage to walk over and talk to her. The man admits not to know her name and he blames it to his foolish pride. The meaning of the song is further revealed as one continues to listen to the song. Now that the man has not had guts to walk over and talk to this pretty wom an that he has admired, the woman is walking away as he claims to be falling in love with her. In the chorus of the song, the man admits to the fact that he has lost the battle of approaching this woman because his heart would not tell his mind to tell his mouth what to say to this woman. However, he encourages himself that he lives to fight another day. Subsequent lyrics provides a picture of where the setting is; it suggests it is a bar Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ask her to dance (Go on son).Ã¢â¬ The man recalls a wise man next to him saying to him about the woman who got away and how he missed his chance. The wise man then advises him not to let regret happen of the dream he has to chase. The further meaning of the song can be obtained as one continues listening to the song and internalizing the content of its lyrics. The song becomes more inspirational as it goes on; it acknowledges that one might fall down on his face but this should not dampen their spirits, but rather it should be the moment of rolling the dice and having some faith. In the second chorus, the song presents an impression that a man should not be falling in love while a woman is walking away because the heart would not tell the mind to tell the mouth what it should say. It calls against falling in love with a woman while she is walking away because a man might fall down on his face. It is for this reason that a man should roll the dice and have some faith about the circumstances. The song concludes by blending the first and the second choruses. It reiterates the need for a man not to fall in love as the woman walks away. It appreciates the fact that the heart would not tell a manÃ¢â¬â¢s mind to tell his mouth what it should. It inspires the man that while he may have lost this particular battle, he still lives to fight another day. For emphasis purposes, the song ends by saying that a man should not fall in love as the woman is walking away. The end gives the closing sentiments of the song by rei terating that regardless of the fact that she might walk away, a man should not fall in love because this may let regret take place and that a man might fall down on his face as a result. This song reflects on situations of human life where people get certain chances and fail to take advantage of them and in the process miss those very important opportunities. From the song it can be gathered that because of lack of courage on the part of the man, he was unable to walk over to the pretty woman and